Thod of rice production reduces methane emissions seuesters carbon reduces input reuirements results in resilient plants and increases rice yield per acre25 Concentrated Solar Use mirrors to further concentrate light in already intensely sunny areas to produce steam which is cheaper to transmit than electricity and can be stored for high use times26 Electric Vehicles Switch from fossil fuel powered engines to electric vehicles for both personal transportation and shipping fleets that run off energy generated by renewables a task likely to made easier by an oncoming wave of battery innovation 27 District Heating Already well established in Europe istrict heating manages heating and cool needs not at the structure level but the Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Twins district level using centralized coordination for maximum efficiency 28 Multistrata Agroforestry By mimicking the natural layout of the strata of a jungle canopy multistrata agroforestry seuesters huge amounts of carbon while generating multiple valuable agricultural commodities with minimal inputs even when using land already severelyegraded29 Wave and Tidal While still posing technical challenges waves and tides can be harnessed for energy 30 Methane Digesters Use methane Flaunting, Extravagant Queen (French Revolution, digesters to capture the methane emissions from organic waste agricultural food waste and excrement and use it for fuel while also reducing the harmful emissions 31 Insulation Insulating buildings well would keep them cool in the summer and warm in the winter and stop energy loss currently most structures lose over 50% of their energy to poor insulation 32 Ships Over 80% of global trade happens by sea leading to huge carbon savings by improving fuel efficiency of ships 33 LED Lighting Switch to LED lights which use 90% less energy yet produce the same light as a standard bulb in addition to lasting for years longer 34 Biomass Harness biomass as a bridge solution to provide energy as society shifts away from fossil fuels to truly renewable sources of energy 35 Bamboo Cultivate bamboo which thrives onegraded lands has economic uses and seuesters carbon faster than nearly any other plant36 Alternative Cement By mass cement is the second most used substance in the world and manufacturing one ton of produces at much carbon as burning 400 pounds of coal changing this process to incorporate waste byproducts from other industrial processes could reduce carbon emissions 37 Mass Transit Mass transit usage is expected to ecline rather than grow as global wealth increases and people purchase personal vehicles but ridership habits could be strengthened by utilizing strong esign principles and interconnectivity of public transit systems potentially preventing 66 tons of CO2 emissions from cars38 Forest Protection Forest conservation offers a range of environmental and livelihood benefits and while Stones of Witness deforestation is estimated to produce 10 15% of the world s carbon emissions stoppingeforestation could offset 33% of emissions 39 Indigenous Peoples Land Management Indigenous people often find themselves on the front lines of environmental battles and managing natural resources in a way that benefits all yet experience the highest impacts of climate change as such it s crucial to secure their tenure on their own land 40 Trucks Major efficiency improvements in truck fleets are needed as incomes and thus ground freight continues to increase already consuming 25% of the fuel in the US trucks are currently responsible for about 6% of all global emissions41 Solar Water Store residential water in tanks heated by the sun eliminating the need to use fossil fuels to heat water42 Heat Pumps Replace the world s massively energy guzzling AC and heating systems with already existing heat pump technology 43 Airplanes With air traffic on the rise and airplanes a major carbon emitter emerging efficiencies in plane My Indian Kitchen design and fuels as well as regulations around fuel efficiency are crucial to reducing flight CO2 44 LED Commercial Lighting See 33 similar principles but for commercial structures 45 Building Automation Building automation systems use sensors to automatically control a wide range of building factors from air circulation to heat to identifying early maintenance problems offering a host of efficiency savings46 Water Saving Home A tight link between water and energy means lowering personal home water usage can save energy and relax pressure on local water sources and saving energy at home reduces water used by the local power plant47 Bioplastic If the entire lifecycle of a bioplastic is considered when not recycled properly or land is cleared to grow their source materials they produce their own problems bioplastics could replace current petro plastic that relies on cheap fossil fuels for production48 In Stream Hydro Place in stream turbines into rivers to create energy these free standing structures create energy without flooding land for reservoirs and have only minimal impacts on wildlife 49 Cars Increase the number of electric and hybrid vehicles while their power sources get far better mileage 97% of the world s car still contain only the standard internal combustion engine 50 Cogeneration Many energy processes are inefficient and create waste in the form of heat use cogeneration to capture the excess and harness as a heating source51 Perennial Biomass Use perennial rather than annual crops such as corn to produce bioenergy52 Coastal Wetlands Wetlands seuester enormous amounts of carbonestroying them allows carbon to escape but through preservation and restoration they actively capture emissions 53 See Improved Rice Cultivation 24 Lots of Mommies drops to 53 if a slightly less efficient but technically simpler version is used54 Walkable Cities Design cities to encourage walking instead ofriving considering not only istance but pedestrian safety and aesthetic appeal of the route 55 Household Recycling Recycling reduces the need for further resource extraction while simultaneously reducing the negative impacts of landfills in addition to providing economic benefits and job opportunities stemming from value streams created by upcycling 56 Industrial Recycling The same effects as household recycling extended to the industrial sector for industry this includes the additional step of planning ahead for isposal of their product rather than letting the costs of this uestion be borne by the public 57 Smart Thermostats Smart thermostats learn the heating preferences of occupants and automatically adjust temperature as necessary keeping costs and energy use Fantasy Man down and livability high 58 Landfill Methane Capture methane emissions produced by landfills to use as a clean fuel source 59 Bike Infrastructure Increase trips taken by bike rather than car using a broad array of investments andesign tools to support ridership 60 Composting When biodegradable waste think food and lawn scraps The Flame Of Adventure degrades in landfills in the absence of oxygen it produces methaneiverting this waste for compost injects nutrients back into the soil seuestering carbon and offering rich natural fertilizers 61 Smart Glass Smart glass can change its tint in response to environmental factors and adjust the amount of heat and light it lets into the building reducing a structure s energy needs by up to 30%62 Women Smallholders Giving women in the agricultural workforce eual access to land and financial resources would lead to increased food outputs reducing the need to clear additional lands of forests to meet growing global nutritional needs 63 Telepresence Utilize rapidly improving telepresence technology for business and collaboration needs rastically cutting own on travel 64 See methane Divine Magnetic Lands digesters 30 rankrops to 64 if only small igesters are used65 Nutrient Management Runoff and overuse of agricultural nitrogen and fertilizers causes a host of environmental problems improving proper management of application that reduce although not seuester carbon emissions as well as save farmers money66 High Speed Rail Build high speed rail to support mass public transit for regional istances while freeing up conventional rail for freight traffic67 Farmland Irrigation Switch to sprinkler or The Butterfly Club drip irrigation instead of flood irrigation saving both water and energy 68 Waste to Energy Like biogas this is a bridge solution incinerate waste to make energy and reduce methane landfill emissions while shifting to permanent renewable energy sources Note The authors list significant concerns with this solution69 Electric Bikes Use electric bikes to bridge transportation gaps that are too far to walk but may be too short to financially justify public transit journeys that people currently take via higher emission cars 70 Recycled Paper Recycled paper products reuire less energy and less water than virgin paper reduceseforestation and provides jobs than landfill or incineration overall recycled paper has a mere 1% of the impact of virgin paper 71 Water Distribution A huge cost of water is the energy reuired to pump it where it needs to go a systematic and widespread effort to reduce the huge amount lost through leaking infrastructure reduces energy and saves water for millions of additional people72 Biochar Biochar is produced by baking biomass in near total lack of oxygen think purely organic waste burning under soil leading to incredibly carbon rich soils this evolving technology can be practiced on both individual and industrial scale to recycle waste seuester carbon and greatly improve soil health 73 Green Roofs Cities measurably hotter than surrounding areas can lower temperatures by installing green roofs on buildings which lower a site s energy needs as well as contribute to a pleasant urban environment with cleaner air74 Trains Trains hugely efficient at transporting freight could be even efficient switch to electric trains powered by renewables increase carrying capacity and use aerodynamic Lilith Enraptured (Divinity Warriors designs 75 Ridehsaring Vastly underutilized in the US and Canada ridesharing reduces emissions and pressure on infrastructure saves commuters money and can be facilitated with increasing ease asata facilitation between platforms becomes increasingly common 76 Micro Wind Install smaller scale wind turbines to charge batteries or power individual homes where larger wind farms aren t feasible77 Grid FlexibilityEnergy Storage Develop highly flexible energy grids that can respond to changing usage reuirements and energy sources throughout the His Substitute Bride (Seavers Brides, day ie a peak source at 4 pm mightrop to nothing at 7 pm 78 Microgrids Most of the electrical networks are organized in massive macrogrids that Tu Alma ¿La Conoces? draw on fossil fuels reorganize into smaller resilient microgrids allowing structures to tap into aiversity of smaller renewable energy sources 79 Net Zero Buildings Design all buildings to be net zero energy that is producing as much energy as they use80 Retrofitting Retrofit already existing buildings with new green technologies like better lighting appliances and window insulation offer high energy savings. Of They range from clean energy to educating girls in lower income countries to land use practices that pull carbon out of the air The solutions exist are economically viable and communities throughout the world are currently enacting them with skill and J.M. Coetzee determination Ifeployed collectively on a global scale over the next thirty years they represent a credible path forward not just to slow the earth's warming but to reach Feminization and Chastity Training for the Sissy Husband (The League of Dominant Women drawdown that point in time when greenhouse gases in the atmosphere peak and begin toecline These measures promise cascading benefits to human health security prosperity and well being giving us every reason to see this planetary crisis as an opportunity to create a just and livable wor.
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Coffee table book on future hope for the planet or top one hundred hacks to save humanity Good news for tough times on earth Worth a looking over This is the first time I have felt positively about our ability to stop climate change The solutions presented in this book are feasible and clearly explained I found several things I could implement myself like switching to LED light bulbs and I am looking for ways to support some of their larger scale approaches When I was at university there was a book sometimes classed as a magazine I often thumbed through in Heffers though I could never bring myself to buy a copy as it was too expensive It was called The Whole Earth Catalog and combined ecological articles with reviews of products many of them for living an independent lifestyle I find it hard to believe that it s accidental that the look and feel of Drawdown with its large format coarse paper covers and heavily illustrated interior very ifferent from a typical Penguin paperback is so reminiscent of The Whole Earth CatalogSo apart from the gimmick of the appearance as it makes it very clumsy to read what Blue Skies and Gunfire does the book provide We are promised the most comprehensive plan ever proposed to reverse global warming which sounds promising What we get is a range of 80 solutions each presented as a separate article plus a collection of sometimes interesting articles on what areescribed as coming attractions which range from nuclear fusion to the HyperloopThere s a lot that s uite interesting here but there are two big problems One is the format This kind of edited collection of essays is very Forced Feminization (The League of Dominant Women difficult to get the big picture from It s not really giving us the plan it promises so much as the building blocks for a plan If you were to encounter one of the individual articles in a magazine it would be interesting But 80 of them are mind numbing enough to be unreadable There are a couple of short sections pulling it all together but theyon t give us enough The other problem is what s missing There s nothing about active technological solutions to reduce the impact of climate change other than a couple of articles in the futures section where some of them could have made a huge 새로 만든 먼나라 이웃나라 12 - 미국 3 difference by 2050 what we re given is all aboutoing what we o ifferently which leaves an awfully big hole It also shows its colours when it comes to nuclear the numbers look impressive especially with a misprint that gives the cost of nuclear to 2050 as 88 billion but it s the only section that has so much negativity Overall the result is frustrating There are snippets that are fascinating I would never have guessed for example that improving refrigeration Born Fighting disposal would have the biggest possible impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions There s a lot of work gone into this book but the format makes it like struggling through a charity s report and accounts only 20 times longer than reading a comprehensible narrative It only real works as a reference book and even then the structure makes itifficult to get the big picture I would have much rather the book had been presented in well written narrative form that gave us a better overall picture It feels to be written by committee And that s a shame To be very honest I only skimmed this book There are interesting tidbits galore here But glancing over it I said to myself let s see what they have to say about carbon fee and Dr. Simon Forman dividend or cap and trade border adjustment or whatever economic pricing schemes they may prefer as a means of actually getting people to DO something to reduce their carbon footprints It was not there Nowhere in this booko I find any mention of real world methods that would actually compel humans through the laws of supply and Serving Up Secrecy (Ladies of Westside demand to change their way of life in a way that would prevent their grandchildren Drawdown focuses on not only responding to but also moving beyond climate change It offers a set of ranked plans Anyone who is inclined to give up in the face of climate change should read this bookA couple uick takeaways Reducing meat from one siet 4 still seems to be a good idea My own experience has been that a meatless Monday is nearly impossible because upending my A Wartime Nurse daily routine just once a week is very irritating Having said that one meatless meal aay is Split doable and often leads to two It s not uncommon for people toismiss all energy alternatives by When Stories Clash dismissing one but I kept thinking while reading this book that we should readily consider multifaceted approaches So instead of relying on just one of solar farms 8 onshore wind 2 etc it s probably a good idea for many areas to rely on a variety of energy sources The 1 solution was and I was surprised by this refrigerant management Finally I rarely encounter aialogue on what to Sword of Honour Second To None do with the carbon that we ve already released into the atmosphere and Hawken explores solutions there as well Drawdown is clear and comprehensive and it s easily organized as a reference guide that readers can return to I liked that it avoided war and combat metaphors I also liked that it was willing to consider regrettable solutions in addition to its no regrets solutions Finally there s a website here If you re into stuff like this you can read the full reviewA Fact is Like a Sack Drawdown The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming by Paul Hawken EdGalileo was championing the old established order of thinking established by the Greeks for a millennium and a half The Greeks theory of the movement of the heavens was overly complicated to make a theory fit the facts To uote Luigi Pirandello A fact is like a sack it won t stand up if it s emptyPtolemy and his geocentric model were held in reverence for such a long time but there is some understanding that Copernicus 19 February 1473 24 May 1543 who first raised the suggestion of a heliocentric universe in the Renaissance era may have found some Greek mathematical text which helped himevelop his theory of and calculate a heliocentric universeGalileo 1564 8 January 1642 added the empirical evidence to Copernicus math This has some great stuff in it but unfortunately the most comprehensive plan includes a lot of really stupid crap About half of the book is a pretty good summary of real solutions and the other half is basically a bunch of crazy techno fixes On the good side are things like ecosystem restoration with particular emphasis on the importance of maintaining healthy oceans peatlands and mangroves agroecology managed grazing systems silvopasture indigenous land management lower methane emitting approaches to rice cultivation and ruminant raising replacing cotton with hemp educating girls empowering women etc The crazy techno stuff includes not only the typical electric cars high speed rail green cities wind turbines tidal energy nuclear plants how anyone can still support these I have no idea and automated smart grids but also things like roads paved with solar panels giant machines that suck carbon out of the air vacuum tube trains and the possibility of nuclear fusion plants To be fair there are caveats for a lot of these solutions but they really shouldn t even be considerations at this point I know global industrial civilization can be less The Extra Cadaver Murder destructive that if we used the most efficient technologies and Perfect Girl Evolution Vol. 6 developed perfect recycling stopped using planned obsolescence and shared things that we rarely use instead of all having our own possessions that sit idle 99% of the time then we could have gotten away with this for a pretty long time Ignoring the fact that manufacturing these technologies at even a much reduced scale would stillepend on horribly unethical behavior it could technically be a lot better than it currently is We re already on such thin ice though If you re going 200 miles per hour towards a cliff that s only a few miles away then it oesn t make much ifference if you reduce your speed to 50 miles per hour Even 1 mile per hour in the same Dark Ties (Broken Saints Society direction won t give you much time Techno fixes rely on too much infrastructure to ever be truly sustainable Therefore better isn t necessarily good enough What we really need is to wean ourselves off all this high tech crap by losing ourependence on it The low tech solutions like Um Fogo Eterno diversifying farmland with perennial crops andifferent species of grazing animals can create human habitats where people are able to get everything they need from close by and without machines And we re never going to see that happen without adopting Lawn Boy Returns degrowth economics producing and consuming less crap without people being impoverished by job losses etc This bookoesn t just leave out a Yolandas Genius discussion on how inherently unsustainable our economic system is it actually promotes certain solutions BECAUSE they contribute to economic growth I can agree with some of the bridge solutions and regrets solutions that are brought up Clearlyuring a transition stage between the status uo and something sustainable we ll still be reuired to The Fairytale Hairdresser and Sleeping Beauty do some less than ideal things like typing angry rants on internet sites But there s aifference between things like properly The Light Beyond the Forest disposing of HFC s from existing refrigerators and air conditioners and continuing to promote the manufacture of new refrigerators and air conditioners refrigerant management is listed as the number 1 solution A real solution for that problem long term would be to userying or root cellars for food storage and maybe PASSIVE cooling for houses Cooling boxes can even be made with clay pots and sand where evaporating water significantly cools The First Mistake down the contents without any power at all Also capturing methane from landfills makes sense since it causesamage if allowed to float away into the atmosphere but without addressing the growth imperative of our economic system it just becomes one thing that people Jewelry Making For Beginners depend on for their livelihoods rather than something that can be intentionally phased out Ignoring economic growth is just totally unforgivable for a book like this Part of me wants to give it a better rating for the good half at least It s actually kind of surprising that with so much techno utopian logic itoesn t promote GMOs vertical urban farms with hydroponics and LED grow lights tech based geoengineering schemes etc I expect most people who read this book to just get excited by the wrong things though Let s face it science fiction tends to be a little sexier than farm animals Overall the good just can t make up for the bad This book is a catalog of the hundred or so technologies that could potentially raw own the carbon ioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere The book was written by a couple hundred expert researchers in all walks of life Each technology is very well presented in a manner that is easy to understand by a non expert The book is very attractive flush with color photographs appropriate for each topic coveredEach technology is rated in terms of the amount of carbon that could potentially be removed from the atmo. New York Times bestseller The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the worldAt this point in time the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible conservative solution by solution narrative that we can o it Reading it is an effective inoculation against the widespread perception of Seven Secrets of Happiness doom that humanity cannot and will not solve the climate crisis Reported by effects include increasedetermination and a sense of grounded hope Per Espen Stoknes Author What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming There's been no real way for ordinary people to get an understanding of what they can o and
Sphere the net cost of the technology and the net savings When these numbers are too speculative for an educated guess that is mentioned The technologies are all ranked in terms of their potential for seuestering carbon Also since some of the technologies are inter related there is an effort made to prevent ouble counting the impactSome of the technologies are well known to most people while others are novel I was most interested in some of the agricultural topics Most surprising to me was silopasture This entails allowing animals mostly cattle but other The Force of Destiny domesticated animals also to feed in meadows with trees Silvopastures yield livestock per acre than grass pastures and seuesters five to ten times carbon than treeless pastures A related technology is the managed grazing of pastures by cattle This techniue vastly improves conditions of the pastures protects organic matter and the soil becomes porous and better able to absorb intense rainfalls As a result herbicides pesticides fuel and fertilizers can be reduced as well as veterinary costs And yet another agricultural techniue is known as agro forestry which is becoming widespread It is positively transforming the Sahel DesertI was astounded by the statistic that there are 18500 miles of high speed rails in the world But only 28 of these rail miles are in the United States On the one hand high speed rails are very expensive and on the other hand they actuallyo not reduce carbon emissions very much The emphasis in most of the book is that these are practical economical technologies ready to be implemented There are net savings from most of these technologies seuestering carbon can be cost effective and help the atmosphere at the same time At the end of the book there are a handful of future technologies that have not yet reached the stage of practicality each of which has a bright potential for the futureWhile I read the book end to end it is actually of a reference book a very fascinating reference book After reading the introductory sections each topic is self contained and can be read in isolation without losing the meaning For those of you like me in The Glass Books of the Dream Eaters (Chapter 9 Provocateur) despair about the state of the planet here is a book thatetails How I Became a Nun dozens of things that we know can work toial The Rose Tattoo and Other Plays down carbon emissions and work toward reversing the current trend toestroy the environment The point is we know many things about how to save the planet What we The Undoing Project don t really know as of today 1 if it is not already too late and 2 if there is the political will to combat the current capitalistpolitical complex I was going toetail some of the great things both going on and ones also that are possible near future things in the works but Kate First Flight (Dragon School does the long list here thanks book is in large coffee table format with too small print but the project s essays are short and still pretty comprehensive with lots of resources There are some crazy ideas that reuire too much tech infrastructure in the small window of time remaining such as roads paved with solar panels giant carbon sucking machines and nuclear fusion plants But idea generation for creative solutions are one thing we need so I am not too critical of any of these As with other readers I in particular like the focus on ecosystem restoration educating girls empowering women but the central focus of the book is as it has to be on working together Period I guess I would say the thing thatisappoints me is that it The Lone Man doesn t talk about economicpolitical solutions which is the biggest obstacle to our getting thingsoneThe book includes a lot of resources and charts to figure out what might happen with the optimum the rawdown mama bear approach and the minimal approach to all of these thingsHere s a website for the project This book is a framework not only how to stop global warming but how to reduce carbon levels in the face of population growth and uality of life increases The author and research team synthesized primary research from thousands of studies and eveloped a ranked list of the most important actions the globe can take to combat climate change I ve included a one sentence summary of each solution in this review The book goes into far epth about the logic behind the rankings how each solution works how much carbon it saves various pros and cons and the reuired financial investmentA key plus for many of these solutions is they offer benefits beyond carbon seuestration In addition to reducing seuestering carbon the majority offer financial savings increase industrial yields or efficiency create jobs and result in healthier people There are reasons to act on these beyond saving our environment The strength of this framework stems from interdependence One solution s weaknesses are balanced by the strengths of another It s a symbiotic ecosystem of recommendations a permaculture not a monoculture of ideasI o worry that a book like this gives a false sense of optimism Implementing these policies will take incredible investments coordination between governments and massive behavior changes on the part of the individual Yes there are personal steps one can take after reading this book but they aren t steps anyone who pays attention to green issues won t have heard of before I m talking behavior changes on the scale of convincing entire populations to sustain massive tax increases to pay for the infrastructure you ll need behavior changes to convince millions of people around the globe to change habits fundamental to their life and culture Each individual solution will reuire innumerable persons across the globe Skills for Practice in Occupational Therapy dedicating their lives to implementing the chosen recommendation This is a brilliant framework for addressing climate change It is the product of years of synthesizing research on a mass scale of running the mathematical calculations we needed to chart a way forward It is the starting point for a real how to guide for policy makers It is work no one else hasone until this point But Voice and Articulation Drillbook don t read it and think oh we ll be fine Technology will save us Read it and go start advocating for mass public transit Go vegetarian Start blathering to everyone you know Find international organizations working on these issues and startonating all you can Take the extra 45 minutes to walk to work Go to city council meetings and say yes we re willing to have wind turbines in our back yard This is a framework but it isn t a framework to an easy way forward It s a framework for hard hard work Thank goodness Hard work is what we re going to need1 Refrigerant Management The HFCs found in refrigerators and AC have a 1000 to 9000 times higher capacity to warm the environment than carbon Sailing dioxide and 90% of those emissions come when improperlyisposed substituting in better materials combined with proper Aloha Rodeo disposals could cool the earth by up to 1egree Fahrenheit2 Wind Turbines Estimated to be the world s cheapest energy source by 2030 wind has the potential to cleanly meet nearly all the world s energy needs3 Reduced Food Waste By reducing food waste through tightening supply chain logistics in low income countries and changing consumer habits in high income countries resources are saved across the food chain from fertilizers to transport to energy needed to keep perishables cool4 Plant Rich Diet Reducing meat consumption lowers methane emissions from cattle reduces land use and the need to Truths We Confess - Volume 3 deforest additional land eliminates fossil fuel heavy value streams for stock feed lowersemand for water and increases the health of populations5 Tropical Forests Restore Managing radical change degraded tropical forests to make carbon sinks protect watersheds and offer resilient livelihood opportunities 6 Educating Girls Giving women access to education increases family planning resilience to climate change and offers one of the most cost competitive climate solutions estimated at only 10 per ton of carbonioxide reduction 7 Investment in Family Planning Increase women s autonomy to Love decide when and how many children they wish to have reduces the number of births subseuently reducing global resourceemand 8 Solar Farms Build massive solar farms that operate on the scale of entire utilities systems 9 Silvopasture Combine trees with cattle pasture to seuester carbon in both soil and woody growth while increasing yields and bolstering both the cattle and the land s resilience to climate change10 Rooftop Solar Install solar panels on buildings allowing them to generate their own power11 Regenerative Agriculture Utilize regenerative agricultural practices no till planting cover crops removing external nutrient inputs to heal soil seuester carbon increase nutrient and water retention for Mafalda 9 (LUMEN GRFICA) drought resistance and increase production 12 Temperate Forests 14 billion of acres of land could be restored to temperature forest adding even of an ecosystem that already acts as a carbon sink13 Peatlands Conserve peatlands while they make up only 3% of the earth only oceans store carbon 14 Tropical Staple Trees Shift land to growing perennial food products andiets to eating them which have higher carbon seuestration rates and are resilient to extreme weather This solution is currently only viable in tropical regions15 Afforestation Use afforestation planting trees where none have grown for at least 50 years to create new carbon sinks particularly in egraded areas16 Conservation Agriculture Similar to regenerative agriculture but allowing use of fertilizers and pesticides this solution has many of the same benefits on a slightly lesser scale but is simpler to rapidly adopt and may be easier to use on mass produced annual crops 17 Tree Intercropping Intercrop agricultural products with compatible trees or bushes improving soil health seuestering carbon reducing the need for inputs increasing outputs and creating resilience to rought and wind 18 Geothermal Harness naturally occurring geothermal energy for power 19 Managed Grazing Managed grazing shifting cattle s grazing patterns to consider the health of the pastureland results in improved grasses and a healthier ecosystem improves cattle health and allows the soil to seuester carbon 20 Nuclear Continue utilizing indeed expand nuclear power to replace coal Note The authors acknowledge the significant controversy surrounding this power source both safety and whether it s truly cost effective21 Clean Cookstoves Forty percent of the world cooks on stoves which use fuels that release black carbon although short lived it absorbs a million times energy than CO2 meaning switching to stoves that use cleaner fuel rapidly slows warming in addition to improving health 22 See Wind Turbines 2 offshore turbines are 2223 Farmland Restoration Exhausted and thus abandoned farmland emits carbon but if restored through regenerative farming practices or cultivation of native species it actively removes carbon from the air and pulls it back into the soil while increasing land available for agriculture 24 Improved Rice Cultivation Adoption of an alternative me. Hat impact it can have There remains no single comprehensive reliable compendium of carbon reduction solutions across sectors At least until now The public is hungry for this kind of practical wisdom David Roberts VoxThis is the ideal environmental sciences textbook only it is too interesting and inspiring to be called a textbook Peter Kareiva Director of the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability UCLAIn the face of widespread fear and apathy an international coalition of researchers professionals and scientists have come together to offer a set of realistic and bold solutions to climate change One hundred techniues and practices are escribed here some are well known; some you may have never heard.
Paul Hawken is the co founder of several businesses and lives in Sausalito California