Brendan Simms: Europe The Struggle for Supremacy 1453 to the Present



A critical juncture for Europe in 2012 and posits that perhaps only an external threat can draw Europe together Overall not an enjoyable read as the book is simply too dry and the deluge of factsnameswarspolitical alliances overwhelming but a very worthwhile and intelligent one The Soviet Union in short did not have a military industrial complex ike the United States it was a military industrial complex This brilliantly placed The World in the Curl line signifies the book s ability to spark off vivid understandings of Europe s various historical situations It is a thoughtful and fair minded piece of work usually fast paced and often exhilarating sometimes sloggy overall seeming to make the most of its material It has an argument a carefully trained perspective and I m sure anybody wouldearn a great deal from it while having some moments of real pleasure along the way Simms captures Europe as an entity in the midst of history wilfully perceiving centuries of twists and turns through the filters associated with currentrecent issuesCriticismsThere are a couple of overbearing issues with the style Early on there is some awkward seemingly unedited diction and syntax There are even instances of elementary mistakes which even a total novice Connexity like me can spotike referring to the Dutch Estates General which is the French term or saying that Baldwin was the A Personal Influence leader of the opposition in 1934 And throughout paragraphs begin with either The real issue was not insert event but Germany and the whole balance of power or This international development had a profound effect on domestic politics in many countries Iike repetition of ideas because it ingrains the essential message of such a Americas First City long book and shows self confidence But this is far too much and that becomes apparent early on There are also moments when Simms clearly over eggs the primacy of foreign policy for example declaring that the British revolution was entirely a function of the debate around participation in the European wars Finally the book inevitably struggles with the breadth and depth of such a vast and intricate period of history Even though it is massivelyopsided towards the final 100 years some areas are Bone Mountain (Inspector Shan, listike and don t Neutered by the vet (The League of Dominant Women leave much impression or understanding There are some other issues but no one interested in the topic or attracted by the idea of the book should really be discouraged If you re still uncertainet one or two of Simms s genius pieces for the New Statesman convince you particularly I thought this book was uite interesting however I object to Pancho Villa being considered a warlord It was a bit to pro American and finding fault with the Soviet than WWII Germany and there were other issues What is the most important part of Europe over which control must be exerted to maintain peace democracy and prosperityThis book is a monster to read 535 pages of small print denser to read than the average insurance document To be honest it has taken me ages to read it I can manage about three pages at a time before my head swims and I have to put it down Thank the gods for my habit of reading than one book at a time there have been occasions when I became so bogged down in European geopolitics that I wanted to give up reading thisBrendan Peter Simms is an Irish historian and Professor of the History of International Relations in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge In this book he covers the major events that have created the Europe we recognise from 1453 to the present day This is no mean feat in itself and to make it readable even if in small pieces doubly so It covers a huge array of subject matter and his references cover nearly a hundred pages Even at a year a page approximately there is so much raw meat that I found it pretty difficult to digest at times This is another book that needs an accompanying pencil and paper to keep notes on what happens when and who is who I confess to getting very confused between my Louis Ludwigs Wilhelms and WilliamsIt is a masterpiece of scholarly work and I am sure that I am not able to judge any of the conclusions he draws As much as anything else my knowledge of European history is scant the reason for reading this book after all and my acuaintance with English history between 1603 and 1900 is eually glancing due to the syllabus I was taught in school So from that point of view this book was fascinating enjoyable and a huge Charity Girl learning curveThe writing is not without its difficulties It is very dense and pared down to bare essentials This is understandable bearing in mind the subject matter but it does make the whole thing very relentless occasionally oppressive As the centuries roll on the increased impact of the rest of the world becomes apparent and by theate twentieth century everything from East Timor to the Ira crisis plays a role in determining the politics of Europe with or without American or Soviet pressure In fact the Alipio last fifty years has been a meteor storm impacting on the way Europe behaves and is governed and the pace of the writing increases accordinglyThere are no real synonyms for the word geopolitic This is a pity because the word is used so often throughout the book that it engendered a nervous tick andoss of concentration when I saw it I admit this sounds silly and probably is but when one word is used repeatedly it becomes jarring and disruptive In a book that is ONLY about five hundred years of geopolitics need it have been used so oftenHowever if that is my only criticism of this book I accept that it is plausibly puerile It is a magnificent read as Seducing Ingrid Bergman long as you take it slowlyA Germany but we have known this five hundred years. Ally been the richest and most productive on earth For hundreds of years its crucial strategic importance stoked a seemingly unending series of conflicts from the English Civil War to the French Revolution to the appalling world wars of the 20th century But when Europe is in harmony Simms shows the entire world benefits aesson that current eaders would do well to remember A bold and compelling work by a renowned scholar Europe integrates religion politics military strategy and international relations to show how history and Western civilization itself was forged in the crucible of Euro.

Summary Europe The Struggle for Supremacy 1453 to the Present

Book Epub Europe The Struggle for Supremacy 1453 to the Present ☆ Brendan Simms – ecogenlife.org

A ot of A Secret Place learning can be a dangerous thing This is the second recent sweeping history of war and Europe that I ve enjoyed thoroughly until the closing pages As with Ian Morris s War What is it good for roughly 90% of this book would have received a 4 or even 5 star rating The problem comes at the end when theseearned historians of completely different styles and Scandalous (Playing with Fire levels of seriousness attempt to apply their knowledge to the present day and just miss the point entirely Before my massive problem one small uibble The book is billed as telling the story from 1453 to the present In fact the first four and a half centuries are done with by the halfway point I would have enjoyed coverage of those earlier years that birthed the nation state system and so much of what we consider modern Europe The narrative throughout was readable detailed and enjoyable There is of course vastly information of contemporary relevance the closer you get to the present day but I felt a bit cheated Like I said a uibble and it only slightly detracted from my enjoyment of the book When the book makes it to the 20th century grand strategy and wars that I sense Simms actually wanted to write about the treatment is excellent He effortlessly dips back and forth between domestic politics and the international struggle of what feelsike dozens of countries He expertly manages to incorporate the planet wide conflicts that mattered while sticking to his focus on the struggle for the European continent The I think about the feat the impressed I am It s an almost year by year recounting of world events in the 20th century and it s never boring or flabby He s got two points that he hammers home repeatedly One is the way that foreign policy drove all manner of domestic changes from administrative reform to social Brute Force (Nick Stone, legislation and the Second is the centrality of the struggle to control Germany the European heartland over the entire period discussed These are perhaps not the most ambitious of points but they are proven well His narrative of the World Wars and the Cold War is just fantastic The problems come after the Cold War ends The timbre of the narrative changes dramatically Our sober guide to history s greatest horrors and triumphs disappears Every minor reversal and savageittle cold war hangover is described as a colossal and or massive crisis The continued failure of the European public to take an interest in military aggrandizement and defense spending is Beautiful Breasts Pictures lamented in franklyudicrous terms Here To Risks Unknown let me uote a bit the European peoples had failed even in this hour of crisis to assert their right to participate in the defense of their common prosperity and security The crisis he s referring to is I assume either Russia s ridiculousittle war with Georgia or the financial crisis that took place in 2008 It s hard to see how defense spending would have helped with the financial crisis and it s uite easy to see exactly how the NATO saber rattling Simms wants of When You Look Up led to the war between Russia and Georgia The point he s missing is this The pacification of Europe accomplished at tremendous cost and existential risk to human civilization is one of mankind s greatest victories I made a video on it once The fact that most of the European public now cares about uality ofife than the petty grandeur of killing the folks the next country over is something to be celebrated My sense is that The Vampire Next Door (Strange Neighbors, like many in the academic branch of the military industrial complex he sees a waning interest in grand strategy and geopolitics as a threat to his job security or perhaps important ifess tangible his job significance I d imagine that seat at Cambridge is pretty secure Unlike many of his ilk Simms does at Any Girl Can Be a CandyKiss Girl! / Tea with the Birds / The G-SUS Gene least acknowledge that Russia expected NATO expansion to stop with Germany after it allowed the USSR to collapse He acknowledges it with one sentence It s probably the shortest sentence in the book The closing pages thenovingly chronicle NATO s relentless expansion in tandem with the far useful and benign European Union with essentially zero analysis or explanation of why this should be so and why these organizations are so uselessly but seemingly irrevocably connected Here s a helpful vid on how NATO started the crisis in Ukraine NATO are our guys so Russia couldn t possibly have a Scandal! legitimate objection to the expansion to its borders of world history s most powerful military organization an organization founded explicitly to combat Russia Objective history is impossible but this degree of partisanship is just too much I would have perhaps forgiven this unfortunately common affliction if it weren t for the ridiculousness of the book s final sentences Keep in mind that in the run up to World War I the cataclysm that started off Europe s horrific 20th century the European people marched eagerly off to war To be sure there was all manner of manipulation by elites but much of the continent really believed that the war was right and good and their side their national blood and steel would prevail This is how Simms closes the book referring to the present day In short at the start of the third decade of the second millennium sic he ain t talking about 1021 Europeans were noess preoccupied by how the vital space at the heart of the continent was to be organized than they had been in times gone by The German uestion eclipsed for than a decade after unification was backThat s simply not true Angst over a financial management is not the urge to march off and blow somebody up That s not history The copy I read was some 530 pages making it almost 550 years in 550 pages An excellent book I now understand the significance of the Holy Roman Empire than If there is a fundamental truth of geopolitics it is this whoever controls the core of Europe controls the entire continent and whoever controls all of Europe can dominate the world Over the past five centuries a rotating cast of kings and conuerors presidents and dictators have set their sights on the European heartland desperate to seize this pivotal area or at east prevent it from falling into the wrong hands From Charles V and Napoleon to Bismarck and Cromwell from Hitler and Stalin to Roosevelt and Gorbachev nearly all the key power players of modern history have staked their titani.

Ever did beforeSimms s is pushing the thesis that Germany by dint of its central position has been central to European history and all the so when it was fragmented and also that foreign policy trumps domestic policy to the extent that the English Civil War was a result of the Stuarts failure to sufficiently support Protestants in the ow countries It is not altogether convincing but it provides a good focus for his narrativeHe even reverses the causes of WWII in that where we tend to think that the economics in the form of the 30s depression drove foreign policy troubles in the form of an aggressive Germany he argues that foreign policy triggered it by triggering the depression through the French reaction to Curtius policies that drove the Wiener Kreditanstalt to defaultAs far as current affairs go it is notable how often an expansionist Russsia was the source of the continent s instabilityA slog given the Pilgrimage (1920) length but well worth it An immersive story of theast 500 years of European conflicts and interlaced eventsEven tough the author seems a bit obsessed by the German role in most of the important developments of recent history I strongly believe this remains an amazing read I would have also Shapely Ankle Preferrd loved a thorough approach of contemporary issues In this impressive survey of European power politics since the fall of Constantinople Brendan Simms builds on a theme famili There are two major theses in this book One is presented right at the outset due to its central position and massive potential he who controls Germany dominates Europe For the first part of this book the active powers deliberately prevent anyone including the Germans from controlling Germany in order to maintain the balance From 1870 1944 however Germany is unified and attempts to prove that a dominating Germany dominates Europe and was prevented from doing so only at great cost Then of course Germany is divided again and becomes the most important front of the Cold War After the fall of the Berlin Wall the book sort of peters out it s difficult to do a wholeot of analysis on recent history but the centrality of Germany to the EU is obvious even if some of the other discussion of the Sword at Sunset last 20 years may not beThe second theses moving beyond geography is history is that foreign policy drives social and economic changes in the name of being efficient for the next war Sometimes this resulted in democracy sometimes in absolutism or autocracy but the goal was always to be strong enough to win usually in against or as Germany This is perhaps than a bit reductionist but the author does a fairly good job of arguing for it It also explains the heavy focus on international relations which shouldn t be surprising given the title and the short shrift given to the rest of history from 1453My major uibble with the book is that when European politics goes global some parts of the non European map get aot of focus and some are almost completely ignored Japan for instance is barely mentioned before or after the Russo Japanese War of 1905 and China is Fair Play (Zephyr Ranch largely ignored outside of it being a pain to Khruschev in the 1950s Meanwhile we get a surprisingly detailed amount of Afghan politics and Middle Eastern and Jewish foreign relations generally Current events and all but it s a bit weird given the wide scope of the book This book is not for the weak This book is a 700 year epic that is split up into only 8 chapters and 535 pages of actual conte The book reviews 500 years of European geo political and military history chronologically and in exhausting factual detail albeit without really enough detail on any area or period to fully understand what was going on without reference to specialist sources The book has a small number of chapters each covering decades or sometimes centuries of history and each with a helpful introduction and conclusion covering the meta theme of the period The book has a very clear and explicit theme that of the central tension between centralisation and independence and particularly of the critical role of the Germanic area over 500 years another key theme is the obsession of both central and outlying players with maintaining the balance of power on the Continent which oftenead to periodic changes of alignments as if for example France was too heavily supported to counter Austro Hungary the reverse was almost certainly necessary a ittle ater the book also takes it as read that foreign policy dictates domestic policy rather than the other way round social advancements and debates about optimal forms of society are routinely explained as being based around increasing the ability to fund and raise war At times the author s keenness to make it clear that all major historical events even those in the US or those popularly believed to have a much obvious cause originate in some policy decision about Germany is almost comical He argues for example that Germany was the cause of the great depression rather than a victim based on an argument around an Austrian bank the French allowed to fail to thwart a German Austrian union and which tipped the US over the edge that the English Civil war was fought because Charles was seen as not protecting German princes He never misses an opportunity to uote a contemporary reference to the importance of Germany while not ever acknowledging that there may be Cronache della famiglia Wapshot lots of references saying the opposite Interestingly the fall of communism while clearly happening in Germany he attributes much to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism supported by the US and the resulting distraction and diversion of Soviet resource into Afghanistan The book concludes with aist of uestions at what he sees as. C visions on this vital swath of The Temple of the Golden Pavilion land In Europe prizewinning historian Brendan Simms presents an authoritative account of the past half millennium of European history demonstrating how the battle for mastery there has shaped the modern world Beginning in 1453 when the collapse of the Byzantine Empireaid Europe open to Ottoman incursion and prompted the dramatic expansion of the Holy Roman Empire Simms eads readers through the epic struggle for the heart of Europe Stretching from the Low Countries through Germany and into the North Italian plain this relatively compact zone has historic.

Brendan Peter Simms is Professor of the History of International Relations in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge Simms studied at Trinity College Dublin where he was elected a scholar in history in 1986 before completing his doctoral dissertation Anglo Prussian relations 1804 1806 The Napoleonic Threat at Cambridge under the supervision of Pr